Chinese regulators are considering pressing data-rich companies to hand over management and supervision of their data to third-party firms if they want US stock listings, sources said, as part of Beijing's unprecedented scrutiny on private sector firms.
The regulators believe bringing in third-party information security firms, ideally state-backed, to manage and monitor IPO hopefuls' data could effectively limit their ability to transfer Chinese onshore data overseas, one of the people said.
That would help ease Beijing's growing concerns that a foreign listing might force such Chinese companies to hand over some of their data to foreign entities and undermine national security, added the person.
The plan is one of several proposals under consideration by Chinese regulators as Beijing tightened its grip on the country's internet platforms in recent months, including looking to sharpen scrutiny of overseas listings.
The crackdown, which has smashed stocks and badly dented investor sentiment, has particularly targeted unfair competition and internet companies' handling of an enormous cache of consumer data, after years of a more laissez-faire approach.
A final decision on the IPO-bound companies' data handover plan is yet to be made, said the sources, who declined to be identified due to sensitivity of the matter.
The regulatory officials have discussed the plan with capital market participants, said one of the sources as part of moves to strengthen supervision of all Chinese firms listed offshore.
The China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) and the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) did not respond to faxed requests for comment.
Chinese regulators have recently put companies' overseas listing plans, particularly in the United States, on hold pending new rules on data security.
Last month, the CAC proposed draft rules calling for companies with over 1 million users to undergo security reviews before listing overseas.
Beijing's data handover plan come as the US policymakers are raising concerns that Chinese firms are flouting US rules requiring public companies to disclose to investors a range of potential risks to their financial performance.
A total of 37 Chinese companies have raised $12.6 billion via US IPOs so far this year, according to Dealogic, nearly double the $6.6 billion raised over the same time last year.
The plans to step up supervision of Chinese companies listed overseas came days after Beijing launched a cybersecurity investigation into ride-hailing giant Didi Global Inc on the heels of its $4.4 billion US stock market listing. Didi is now in talks with state-owned Westone Information Industry Inc to handle its data management and monitoring activities, Reuters reported earlier this month.
Under the plan being discussed, Westone would be able to access Didi's servers across the country to track the latter's data collection, usage and transfers - which could effectively prohibit the company's data from falling in the hands of a foreign entity, according to the report.
The restrictions proposed to be implemented on Didi could become a possible template for other data-rich Chinese companies that look to go public in the United States, said one of the people.
Beijing's increasing sensitivity about the collection and usage of onshore data comes as the top legislative body on Friday passed a new law designed to protect online user data privacy. It will implement the policy starting on Nov 1.
In September, China is also set to implement its Data Security Law, which requires companies that process "critical data" to conduct risk assessments and submit reports to authorities.-Reuters