THE HAGUE: More than 60 countries including the US and China signed a modest "call to action" on Thursday endorsing the responsible use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the military.

Human rights experts and academics noted the statement was not legally binding and failed to address concerns like AI-guided drones, 'slaughterbots' that could kill with no human intervention, or the risk that an AI could escalate a military conflict.

However, the statement was a tangible outcome of the first international summit on military AI, co-hosted by the Netherlands and South Korea this week at The Hague.

Signatories said they were committed to developing and using military AI in accordance with "international legal obligations and in a way that does not undermine international security, stability and accountability."

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The conference comes as interest in AI is at all-time highs thanks to the launch of OpenAI's ChatGPT program and as Ukraine has made use of facial recognition and AI-assisted targeting systems in its fight with Russia.

Organizers did not invite Russia following its 2022 invasion of Ukraine, which Moscow calls a "special military operation." Ukraine did not attend.

Israel participated in the conference but did not sign the statement.

US Under Secretary of State for Arms Control Bonnie Jenkins put forward a US framework for responsible military AI use.

The US and other powerful countries have been reluctant to agree to any legal limitations on using AI, for fear that doing so might put them at a disadvantage to rivals.

"We want to emphasize that we are open to engagement with any country that is interested in joining us," Jenkins said.

The US proposal said AI-weapons systems should involve "appropriate levels of human judgment", in line with updated guidelines on lethal autonomous weapons issued by the Department of Defense last month.

Human Rights Watch challenged the US to define "appropriate", and not to "tinker with political declarations" but to begin negotiating internationally binding law.

China representative Jian Tan told the summit that countries should "oppose seeking absolute military advantage and hegemony through AI" and work through the United Nations.

Jessica Dorsey, assistant professor of international law at Utrecht University, said the US proposal was a "missed opportunity" for leadership and the summit statement was too weak.

"It paves the path for states to develop AI for military purposes in any way they see fit as long as they can say it is 'responsible'," she said. "Where is the enforcement mechanism?"

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Rebirth Feb 17, 2023 05:27am
AI-based mind control leads to health problems and excruciating pain for the unsuspecting subjects. When coupled with monitoring and surveillance, it’s financially painful for an entire nation. Reducing the number of people being surveilled and not wasting resources on mind control is a positive step forward. We would be destroyed if we followed in the footsteps of the Americans, who claim to understand surveillance and monitoring better than everyone else and they say they have the best intelligence-based tools. What happened to the American century barely a decade later? As a third world nation, we could never sustain such shenanigans. AI for conventional weapons is concerning but nothing is more dangerous for the human species than mind control. It’ll lead to a neurophysiological pandemic much worse than COVID. It will be more costly for healthcare systems than any viral flu. You can use vaccines for that and send people back to work. What will you do for victims of mind control?
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