China froze share offers and set up a market-stabilization fund on Saturday, the Wall Street Journal said, as Beijing intensified efforts to pull stock markets out of a nose-dive that is threatening the world's second-largest economy. Beijing's reported suspension of initial public offers (IPOs) came a few hours after extraordinary announcements by major brokers and fund managers, which collectively pledged to invest at least $19 billion of their own money into stocks.
China's government, regulators and financial institutions are now waging a concerted campaign to prop up the nation's two main share markets, amid fears that a meltdown would rock the financial system and inflict heavy losses across an economy where annual growth is already running at a 24-year low. Almost $3 trillion in market value - more than the entire economic output of Brazil - has been wiped out since markets went into reverse last month, posing a bigger headache for many global investors than even the Greek debt crisis.
The main Shanghai Composite Index has lost around 30 percent of its value in three weeks, a dramatic end to an equally breathtaking rally that saw it more than double in just seven months, fuelled by official interest-rate cuts. The sell-off is especially worrying because the bull market had been built on a mountain of speculative loans. Some analysts suggest total margin lending, both formal and informal, could add up to around 4 trillion won ($3.6 billion).
The stock markets are dominated by retail investors. China's top brokerages said on Saturday they would collectively buy at least 120 billion yuan ($19.3 billion) of shares - a pledge that, according to the Wall Street Journal, would form part of Beijing's new stabilisation fund. Separately on Saturday, 25 Chinese mutual funds announced they too would put their own capital into stocks. The fund managers did not give a figure but said they would invest into their own funds, alongside their customers.
Later, 28 Chinese firms announced in individual statements they would suspend their own IPO plans due to market volatility. They did not mention any central decision to halt IPOs. The securities regulator had already said on Friday it would reduce the number of IPOs and other capital-raisings. The freezing of IPOs can lend support to a falling market because large amounts of money are frozen when subscriptions are taken, drying up liquidity in the market. Large IPOs have been cited as a reason for triggering the recent plunge.
Beijing has unleashed a barrage of official policy moves over the past week, including an interest rate cut, a relaxation of margin-lending rules and additional bank liquidity. But these efforts have so far failed to convince investors. Hong Haostrategist at BOCOM Internationaldoubted the move by brokers alone would be enough to stabilise share prices, unless even more leverage was added to the market.
"Around 120 billion yuan is not enoughbut if leverage (more borrowing) is usedit could expand to over 500 billion yuan and that may have some effect," he said. In a statement, the Securities Association of China expressed "full confidence" in the development of China's capital markets and said the brokerages would jointly invest 15 percent of net assets as of end-June, "or no less than 120 billion yuan", in bluechip exchange traded funds. The brokerages would not sell as long as the Shanghai composite remained below 4,500 points. The index fell 5.8 percent on Friday to end at 3,684 points.
Listed securities companies among the 21 brokerages also pledged to buy back shares, along with their major shareholders. The Asset Management Association of China promised to hold their additional stock investments for at least a year and to also speed up the application and issuance of equity funds.
Just a few months ago, state media had been encouraging the market's giddy rise, saying China's bull market had just begun and denying that it was in a bubble. Investors big and small took that as a government signal to buy. Now, Beijing is struggling to restore confidence before too much economic damage is done. Weighed down by a property downturn, factory overcapacity and high levels of local government debt, economic growth had already been expected to slow to around 7 percent in 2015, robust by global standards but its weakest annual expansion in a quarter of a century.