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Russia’s envoy to talks on reviving Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal said on Friday they had resumed in a “serious” atmosphere even as few expect a breakthrough compromise while Tehran’s disputed uranium enrichment programme surges forward.

Indirect talks between Tehran and Washington restarted in Vienna on Thursday with a meeting between the Islamic Republic’s chief nuclear negotiator Ali Bagheri Kani and European Union coordinator Enrique Mora.

Reuters, citing one Iranian and one European official, reported in June that Tehran had dropped a major stumbling block - its demand for the removal of its Revolutionary Guards from a U.S. sanctions list.

A senior Iranian official suggested that the issue might not be a sticking point anymore, telling Reuters on Thursday: “We have our own suggestions that will be discussed in the Vienna talks, such as lifting sanctions on the Guards gradually.”

After meeting Bagheri Kani on Friday, Russian envoy Mikhail Ulyanov was quoted by Iran’s state news agency IRNA as saying that reaching the finish line “may not be so easy, and time will tell whether we will succeed or not.

“But in general, the atmosphere of the talks is serious.”

White House national security spokesman John Kirby said on Thursday that the negotiations were “pretty much complete at this point”.

Iran nuclear talks resume with both sides playing down prospects

Bagheri Kani put the onus on the White House to compromise, tweeting that the United States should “show maturity & act responsibly.”

Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian said on Friday that for Tehran’s negotiating team, “Iran’s economic benefit from the deal, observing the country’s ‘red lines’ and preserving (our) indigenous nuclear capability and technology is of serious interest”, IRNA reported.

Little remains of the 2015 pact between Iran and the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China, which lifted sanctions against Tehran in exchange for curbs on Iranian enrichment activity the West fears could yield atomic bombs.

In 2018 then-President Donald Trump ditched the deal and reimposed harsh sanctions. In response, Tehran breached the deal in several ways including rebuilding stocks of enriched uranium.

As Iran has refused to hold direct talks with its longtime arch-foe the United States, Mora shuttles between Bagheri Kani and the U.S. Special Envoy for Iran, Rob Malley.

The Vienna negotiations broke down earlier this year chiefly over Tehran’s demand that Washington remove the Revolutionary Guards from the U.S. Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list. The U.S. has refused to do so.

A European official said on Thursday: “It has been agreed that (removing the Guards from the FTO list) will be discussed in the future once the U.S. and Iran can meet directly.”

Tehran also demands that the International Atomic Energy Agency drop its assertions about Iranian nuclear activity, objecting to the U.N. watchdog’s report last year that it had failed to fully explain uranium traces at undeclared sites.

The EU’s top diplomat, Josep Borrell, submitted a compromise proposal in July and called on the parties to accept it to avoid a “dangerous nuclear crisis”. Two Iranian officials said Tehran “was not happy” with the draft text.

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