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Business

Germany offered to build LNG terminals to avert US pipeline sanctions

  • Effectively freezing its construction until Russia can bring in its own engineering vessels to replace European contractors.
  • German ministers including Scholz have said this was the motivation for Washington's opposition to the pipeline.
Updated 16 Sep 2020

BERLIN: Berlin offered to spend 1 billion euros ($1.2 billion) to build two liquefied natural gas terminals to try to dissuade the United States from imposing sanctions over the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, due to bring gas directly from Russia to Germany, Die Zeit reported on Wednesday.

The weekly paper said Finance Minister Olaf Scholz made the proposal in an Aug. 7 letter before Washington imposed sanctions on companies involved in building the Baltic Sea pipeline, effectively freezing its construction until Russia can bring in its own engineering vessels to replace European contractors.

A spokesman for the German finance ministry said he could not comment on individual reports.

The United States and many European countries bitterly oppose the pipeline, which they say will increase Europe's reliance on Russian gas and deprive transit states such as Poland and Ukraine of leverage over their eastern neighbour.

The United States, rich in domestic energy as a result of soaring shale gas production, is also keen to expand its energy exports, including to Germany, whose industrial might is heavily dependent on energy imports, mainly from Russia.

German ministers including Scholz have said this was the motivation for Washington's opposition to the pipeline.

In the letter to US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, seen by Die Zeit, Scholz promised to provide up to 1 billion euros in public money towards building the LNG terminals if Washington agreed not to impose sanctions on the companies.

The LNG terminals were to be built at two locations on the North Sea coast.

"In return, the United States will allow the construction and operation of Nord Stream 2 to proceed unhindered," Die Zeit quoted the letter as saying. "The US will not exercise its legal scope for sanctions."

The proposal was made before the alleged poisoning last month of Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny, who is now recovering in a Berlin hospital, which prompted widespread calls, including from within Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives, for Germany to halt Russia's flagship energy project.

Germans appear to be divided over the merits of halting the project: according to a Civey poll, just over half (54.9%) oppose ending it, even though a similar number also have a negative view of the Russian government.

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