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SEOUL: North Korea faked the launch of what analysts have dubbed its “monster missile” last week, Seoul’s military said Wednesday, adding that the test was, in reality, likely the same intercontinental ballistic missile Pyongyang fired in 2017.

North Korea last Friday claimed to have successfully test-fired a Hwasong-17 missile – a long-range ICBM that analysts say may be capable of carrying multiple warheads – which it first unveiled at a military parade in 2020.

But South Korea’s defence ministry told AFP that Seoul and Washington have now concluded that the launch was actually of a Hwasong-15, an ICBM that Pyongyang test-fired in 2017.

“US and South Korean intelligence has determined that what was fired on March 24 was a Hwasong-15,” the defence ministry official told AFP. Both ICBMs are potentially capable of hitting the mainland United States.

Seoul and Tokyo had separately confirmed at the time that the March 24 missile had flown higher and longer than any previous test – but analysts later pointed to discrepancies in North Korea’s account.

The false announcement was likely an attempt by Pyongyang to compensate for a failed launch on March 16, when a missile, which analysts said was actually the Hwasong-17, exploded shortly after launch.

North Korea’s Kim vows ‘overwhelming’ military power: state media

According to Seoul-based specialist website NK News, debris from the failed test fell in or near Pyongyang as a red-tinged ball of smoke zigzagged across the sky.

“Pyongyang residents must have been shocked” by the failed launch, and it may have affected public opinion of the Kim regime, lawmaker Ha Tae-keung of the conservative opposition People’s Power Party (PPP), told reporters.

North Korea’s state media – Rodong Sinmun and KCNA news agency – did not report on the failed launch at the time.

They typically carry reports on successful weapons tests within 24 hours of launch, often with photographs.

But the March 24 launch was trumpeted in state media, with KCTV releasing a slick video purportedly showing the giant missile being successfully test-fired.

Analysts have pointed out discrepancies in the footage which may indicate parts of the March 24 launch were faked.

‘Propaganda value’

The isolated country’s economy is reeling from UN sanctions over leader Kim Jong Un’s weapons programs and a two-year-long self-imposed Covid blockade.

“Not only does the Kim regime derive pride and legitimacy from its nuclear and missile programs, it portrays building military strength against external threats as moral justification for domestic economic suffering,” Leif-Eric Easley, a professor at Ewha University in Seoul, told AFP.

The “successful” launch as portrayed in state-controlled media has significant “propaganda value” for the Kim regime, he added. Analysts have warned that North Korea will likely launch a military reconnaissance satellite and conduct tactical nuclear warhead tests later this year.

On Monday, Pyongyang’s state media reported that its leader Kim Jong Un had vowed to build up “overwhelming” and unstoppable military power.

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