BRUSSELS: The EU on Monday announced sanctions on 10 Myanmar junta officials and two conglomerates linked to the military over the coup and bloody crackdown on protesters in their country.
The military has ramped up its attempts to crush dissent following mass demonstrations against its ousting of civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, with at least 737 civilians killed and the press increasingly under attack.
International pressure has been steadily building on the junta, although it has so far appeared to ignored all condemnation.
Announcing the sanctions on officials, EU member states said the individuals “are all responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law in Myanmar/Burma, and for repressive decisions and serious human rights violations”.
The two firms hit with asset freezes and visa bans, Myanmar Economic Holdings Public Company Limited (MEHL) and Myanmar Economic Corporation Limited (MEC), were “owned and controlled by the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw), and provide revenue for it”, the statement added.
The companies dominate sectors including trading, alcohol, cigarettes and consumer goods.
The officials targeted are mostly members of the ruling State Administration Council seen as responsible for undermining the democracy in the southeast Asian nation, EU diplomats said.
Japanese journalist arrested
The announcement came after Japan urged Myanmar authorities on Monday to release from prison a Japanese journalist accused of spreading fake news, one of at least 65 reporters arrested during the junta’s crackdown.
Yuki Kitazumi was detained on Sunday, and a Japanese embassy spokesman confirmed that he had been transferred overnight from a police watchhouse to the Insein prison. Insein is notorious for holding political prisoners.
Japanese diplomats had sought permission to visit him in jail but that request had not yet been granted, an embassy spokesman told AFP on Monday.
“We are informed by the police he was arrested due to the suspicion of releasing fake news,” he told AFP.
Myanmar authorities told the embassy the journalist was not physically harmed during the arrest and was in good health.
State media later confirmed he had been charged.
At least 34 journalists and photographers remain in custody across Myanmar, according to monitoring group Reporting ASEAN.
Western powers have increasingly been seeking to target the junta’s key moneymakers.
The US and Britain have already imposed sanctions on the MEC and MEHL, while Washington has hit Myanmar’s state gem company as well. The EU also hit junta chief Min Aung Hlaing and 10 other senior officials with sanctions last month.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said after the virtual talks with his EU counterparts Monday that the junta was “manoeuvring the country into a dead end”.
Meanwhile, security forces barged into the rooms of nearly 40 Myanmar sailors in hotel quarantine in Yangon and attacked them Saturday, after some of them participated in the daily protest ritual of banging on pots and pans.
Traditionally a way for Myanmar people to drive away evil spirits, the activity has become an act of resistance since the putsch, with nightly drumming from 8:00 pm local time. The seafarers were staying at the Hlaine Tet Hotel after returning from South Korea.