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ISLAMABAD: The tobacco industry is declaring misleading statistics about the decline in the declared production of cigarettes to pressurise the policymakers in the upcoming budget (2023-24).

This was the crux of the day-long seminar organized by the Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC) and Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC) held at a local hotel here on Thursday.

Health activists also urged the government to be wary of the misleading tactics of tobacco industry which causes substantial loss to national exchequer each year.

Cigarettes: FBR generates additional Rs11.3bn under FED

During an event organized by the SPARC in collaboration with the SPDC, health activists showed declared statistics of cigarette produced by the tobacco industry in Pakistan to highlight that, in most of the cases, declared production in June is lower than average. The declared production declined from 4,006 million sticks in February 2023 to 2,665 million sticks in March 2023.

According to the health activists, these are industry’s tactics to influence policymakers. Because if this decline is due to higher tax rate, then why the production declined from 4,510 million sticks in June 2022 to only 1,021 million sticks in July 2022 when the tax was not increased.

Muhammad Sabir, Principal Economist of SPDC said that, with the tax rate enhancements, cigarette prices have also increased. The per pack price of the most popular economy brand increased from Rs 80 to Rs 211, while the price of a premium brand rose from Rs 179 to Rs 483. In percentage terms, the overall price increase was 164 percent and 170 percent, respectively.

However, cigarette manufacturers have also kept increasing their net-of-tax prices (producers’ prices). For instance, the producers’ price of the economy brand increased by 121 percent, much higher than the prevailing inflation rate. Altogether, the total tax on economy brands (FED and GST) rose by Rs 89 per pack (from Rs 45 to Rs 133).

On the contrary, the consumer price increased by Rs 131. Due to over-shifting, the excise tax share in retail price remains at 51.6 percent, lower than the widely-accepted benchmark of 70 percent.

Malik Imran, Country head of Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids (CTFK) stated that the tobacco industry has always tried to derail government’s efforts of reducing tobacco hazards by using the illicit trade excuse. Illicit trade is a reality but it is overstated by the tobacco industry. In reality, the tobacco industry practices underreporting where they hide their actual production figures to avoid taxes.

Cigarette manufacturers also shift the tax burden to consumers to increase their own profitability. Imran quoted an example that, the declared production in July 2022 was decreased to only 1.02 billion from 4.5 billion sticks in June 2022. He said that even with the reduced production, the government is likely to generate additional revenue of over Rs 10 billion due to higher tax rates. Therefore, the policy of enhancing tax rates should be continued.

Khalil Ahmed Dogar, Programme Manager SPARC said that the pandemic of tobacco is causing 465 deaths and making 1200 children addicted every day. Tobacco Control efforts require bold steps and government’s decision to increase tobacco prices is a much needed and praiseworthy step.

This decision has already paid dividends for the economy and it will generate more revenue as well as decrease health burden. However, to achieve this double benefit, the government must remain steadfast by not falling for tobacco industry’s misinformation campaign.

Copyright Business Recorder, 2023

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