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Foreign remittances exceeding Rs 5 million do not attract any addition to income chargeable to tax, but if the source of foreign remittance is not explainable, such amount will be added to income chargeable to tax. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) has issued income tax circular 9 of 2019 here on Tuesday.
As per sub-section (1) of section 111, where any amount is credited in a person's books of accounts or a person has made any investment or is the owner of any money or has incurred expenditure or has concealed income and the person offers no explanation about such amount, investment, money, expenditure or income or the explanation is not satisfactory, such amount or the value of such investment, money, expenditure or income is added to the person's income chargeable to tax. However, the said provision is not applicable to any amount of foreign exchange which is not exceeding Rs10 million in a tax year remitted from outside Pakistan through normal banking channels that is encashed into rupees by a scheduled bank and a certificate to this effect is produced from such bank.
Through the Finance Act, 2019, the limit of Rs 10 million has been reduced to Rs 5 million in a tax year. So if the amount of foreign exchange remitted from outside Pakistan is equivalent in rupees up to Rs 5 million in a tax year, the source of such foreign remittance cannot be asked. Even if the amount of foreign remittance is more than Rs 5 million in a tax year, the Commissioner can only ask the source of foreign remittance. In case the source is explainable, no further proceedings will be undertaken. Foreign remittances exceeding Rs 5 million do not attract any addition to income chargeable to tax. Only if the foreign remittance's source is not explainable, such amount will be added in income chargeable to tax.
The FBR has empowered Commissioners Inland Revenue to freeze any domestic asset of a person who is involved in tax evasion on offshore asset and is likely to leave Pakistan. Through the Finance Act, 2019, the term "offshore asset" has been defined by inserting a new clause (38AA) in section 2 which includes any movable or immovable asset held, any gain, profit or income derived, or any expenditure incurred outside Pakistan.
The term "offshore evader" has been defined by inserting a new clause (38AB) in section 2 and it means a person who owns, possesses, controls, or is the beneficial owner of an offshore asset and does not declare, or under declares or provides inaccurate particulars of such asset to the Commissioners. Penalty has also been provided in serial No 22 in sub-section (1) of section 182 that where an offshore tax evader is involved in offshore tax evasion in the course of any proceedings under this Ordinance before any income tax authority or the appellate tribunal, such person shall pay a penalty of Rs 100,000 or an amount equal to 200% of the tax sought to be evaded, whichever is higher. Prosecution for concealment of an offshore asset has been provided by inserting a new section 192B according to which any person who fails to declare an offshore asset to the Commissioner or furnishes inaccurate particulars of an offshore asset and the revenue impact of such concealment or furnishing of inaccurate particulars is ten million rupees or more shall commit an offence punishable on conviction with imprisonment up to three years or with a fine up to Rs 500,000, or both.
A new sub-section (5) has been added in section 145 as per which the Commissioner may freeze any domestic asset of a person where on the basis of information received from an offshore jurisdiction, the Commissioner has reason to believe that such person who is likely to leave Pakistan may be involved in offshore tax evasion or such person is about to dispose of any asset. The Commissioner may freeze any domestic asset of the person including any asset beneficially owned by such person for a period of 120 days or till the finalization of proceedings including recovery proceedings and any other proceedings under the Ordinance, whichever is earlier.
The term "offshore enabler" has been defined by inserting a new clause (38AC) in section 2 to include any person who enables, assists, or advises any person to plan, design, arrange or manage a transaction or declaration relating to an offshore asset, which has resulted or may result in tax evasion. Penalty has been provided in serial no. 23 of sub-section (1) of section 182 that where in the course of any transaction or declaration made by a person an enabler has enabled, guided, advised or managed any person to design, arrange or manage that transaction or declaration in such a manner which has resulted or may result in offshore tax evasion in the course of any proceedings under the Ordinance, such person shall pay a penalty of Rs 300,000 or an amount equal to 200% of the tax which was sought to be evaded, whichever is higher. Prosecution for enabling offshore tax evasion has been provided by inserting a new section 195B to the effect that any enabler who enables, guides or advises any person to design, arrange or manage a transaction or declaration in such a manner which results in offshore tax evasion, shall commit an offence punishable on conviction with imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years or with a fine up to five million rupees or both.
The term "asset move" has been defined by inserting a new clause (5C) in section 2 and it means the transfer of an offshore asset to an unspecified jurisdiction by or on behalf of a person who owns, possesses, controls or is the beneficial owner of such offshore asset for the purpose of tax evasion. An unspecified jurisdiction means a jurisdiction which has not committed to automatically exchange information under the Common Reporting Standard with Pakistan.
The term "specified jurisdiction" has been defined by inserting a new clause (60A) in section 2 and it means any jurisdiction which has committed to automatically exchange information under Common Reporting Standard with Pakistan. Penalty has also been provided in serial 24 of sub-section (1) of section 182 that any person who is involved in asset move from a specified to un-specified territory shall pay a penalty of Rs 100,000 or an amount equal to 100% of the tax, whichever is higher.

Copyright Business Recorder, 2015

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