LONDON: The pound rose on Monday, holding close to three-year highs above the key $1.40 level, ahead of an announcement about plans to ease the lockdown, as bullish investors bet on the UK’s vaccination rollout bringing about an economic recovery.
Sterling reached its highest levels since April 2018 when it crossed $1.40 on Friday. It has risen 2.6% against the dollar in 2021 and its rapid gains have led to talk of a possible correction.
The recent pound strengthening has been attributed to the UK’s relative success in providing COVID-19 vaccinations, which is expected to help Britain’s economy rebound from its biggest contraction in 300 years.
Some 17.6 million people, over a quarter of the 67 million population, have now received a first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.
Relief that a no-deal Brexit was avoided at the end of 2020 is also supporting the pound, as is a lessening of fears that the Bank of England could introduce negative interest rates.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson will set out a plan on Monday to release the UK from its third national lockdown.
Speculators added to their net long position for the third week running in the week to Feb. 16, CFTC positioning data showed. The market is at its most bullish in one year.
“We’ve clearly started to price in a lot of good news,” said Ned Rumpeltin, head of European currency strategy at TD Securities.
“After such strong momentum and a very large move, you’ve got to be careful in terms of calling the top too prematurely but it does feel like the conditions are ripening for a broader correction to come through,” he said.
“I wouldn’t necessarily be a fresh buyer of pound at these levels. The risk-reward is increasingly skewed towards a correction at this stage.”
At 1215 GMT, the pound was at $1.4029, up 0.2% on the day. Versus the euro, it was up around 0.1% at 86.515 pence per euro, having touched a one-year high earlier in the session.