- Brent heading for more than 5% weekly gain.
- US reports 55,000 COVID-19 cases in single day.
- OPEC, Russia oil output cuts support prices.
- China's services sector grows at rapid pace in June.
SEOUL/LONDON: Oil fell below $43 a barrel on Friday as a resurgence of coronavirus cases raised concern that fuel demand growth could stall, although crude was still headed for a weekly gain on lower supply and wider signs of economic recovery.
The United States reported more than 55,000 new coronavirus cases on Thursday, a new daily global record for the pandemic. The rise in cases suggested US jobs growth, which jumped in June, could suffer a setback.
"If this trend continues, oil demand in the region is at risk," said Louise Dickson of Rystad Energy.
Brent crude was down 54 cents, or 1.3%, at $42.60 a barrel by 1210 GMT, and US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude fell 53 cents, or 1.3%, to $40.12.
"The fragile US economic rebound is at risk of being undone by the latest surge in new infections," said Stephen Brennock of oil broker PVM.
Both benchmarks rose more than 2% on Thursday, buoyed by strong US June jobs figures and a drop in US crude inventories. Brent is still on track for a weekly gain of more than 5%.
Signs of economic recovery, and a drop in supply after a record supply cut by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies, known as OPEC+, have helped Brent more than double from a 21-year low below $16 reached in April.
Boosting recovery hopes, a private survey showed on Friday that China's services sector expanded at the fastest pace in over a decade in June.
OPEC oil production fell to its lowest in decades in June and Russian production has dropped to near its OPEC+ target.
The bankruptcy filing of US shale pioneer Chesapeake Energy also supported prices by raising expectations production will decline, JBC Energy said in a report.
Gasoline demand will be closely watched as the United States heads into the July 4 holiday weekend.