Germs may be a source of causing Type-1 Diabetes, and how it is' Well by activating the body's immune system to destroy the cells that produce insulin, says a new research.
According to Science Daily, the T-Cells, i.e. a kind of white blood cells responsible for protecting the human body against germs, surprisingly plays a major part in Type- 1 Diabetes, which it does by destroying insulin producing cells, known as beta cells.
A research conducted by scientists from Cardiff University's Systems Immunity Research Institute found the same killer T-cells, which causes the Type-1 Diabetes are strongly activated by some bacteria.
“Killer T-cells are extremely effective at killing off germs, but when they mistakenly attack our own tissues, the effects can be devastating. During type 1 diabetes, killer T-cells are thought to attack pancreatic beta cells. These cells make the insulin that is essential for control of blood sugar levels. When beta cells are destroyed, patients have to inject insulin every day to remain healthy,” said Andy Sewell, lead author of the study.
As per Times of India, Type-1 Diabetes is commonly found in young people including children. The disease is serious and hard to treat.
“The study identified part of a bug that turns on killer T-cells so they latch onto beta cells. This finding sheds new light on how these killer T-cells are turned into rogues, leading to the development of type-1 diabetes," said Andy Sewell, professor at Cardiff University, Britain.
The research, published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, shows for the first time how germs might trigger killer T-cells to cause type 1 diabetes, and is hoped that it will led to develop new ways to diagnose, prevent or even halt type 1 diabetes.