Former Governor of State Bank of Pakistan and present Dean of Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi, Dr Ishrat Husain, underscores the need for making the constitutional bodies such as Council of Common Interest (CCI) and National Economic Council (NEC) effective forums for better co-ordination between the federal and provincial governments to draw up budgetary plans and then have a co-ordinated approach towards development and drawing up of Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP). The centre - the federal government - is unhappy with provinces where PML (N) has been unable to form governments, and would, therefore, like to go back to the old ways, ie the constitutional arrangement prior to the passage of the 18th Amendment and the agreement under the 7th NFC award. The bureaucracy in Islamabad is used to passing orders and having the provinces fall in line. They conveniently forget that Pakistan is a federation and does not have a unitary form of government that Islamabad had become used to. The 1973 constitution created the CCI and NEC because there was a PPP-led government at the centre, in Punjab and Sindh. But a coalition comprising National Awami Party (NAP) and Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) was in power in NWFP (now KPK) and Balochistan. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had his tutelage under the military regime of Ayub Khan and could not practice real federalism. What was conveniently forgotten that All-India Muslim League fought for freedom and agitated for a weak centre and strong provinces while the Congress had the reverse in mind. Unfortunately, both parties had to change their stances once in power.